The Council of Defense persecuted many people in the Bitterroot Valley for either not showing enough support towards the war effort, or not placing their support in areas the Council saw fit. F.H. Nichols, a farmer, stated to the Council that he was “sending money to the Christian Science people in Boston to send to the trenches,” yet, the Council questioned him heavily for not supporting “local organizations.” Even veterans were persecuted. Thomas Bilkey “served in the Spanish American War, and in the Philippine Insurrection.” Bilkey agreed to contribute to the War Service League the following fall, but was put on trial anyway, because he could not contribute immediately. The poor populous during World War I was seen as being unpatriotic, simply because of its financial situation, which was primarily determined by seasonal income.
Levenston, Michael. Speed Up and Spade Up. Digital image. City Farmer News RSS. City Farmer News, Sept. 2014. Web. 18 May 2017.